Nội dung chính của bài viết
Aims: KCNJ11 gene, encoding ATP-sensitive channel subunits, involves in insulin secretion. The study aimed at investigating the distribution of the KCNJ11 E23K (rs5219) polymorphism and its association with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Vietnamese population.
Methods: A cross-sectional study randomly recruited 2.676 participants aged 40-64 years from a general population in Ha Nam province, Vietnam. Glycemic status of the subjects was classified based on fasting plasma glucose and oral glucose tolerance test. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was applied to detect the KCNJ11-rs5219 polymorphism. Genotype frequencies were compared to find the distribution difference among normoglycemic, prediabetes, and T2D groups. Generalized linear models and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to determine the associations of the KCNJ11-rs5219 polymorphism with prediabetes and T2D.
Results: The frequencies of minor K allele in normoglycemic, prediabetes and T2D groups were 33.2, 32.6 and 35.4%, respectively. Genotype distribution of the E23K polymorphism was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and not significantly different among the three glucose groups (p > 0.05). Fasting plasma glucose and 2-h glucose levels were not significantly different among three genotypes EE, EK, and KK (p > 0.05). After adjusted for social-economic status, lifestyle and clinical patterns, no significant association was found between the KCNJ11-rs5219 polymorphism and hyperglycemia with ORs from 0.80 to 1.29.
Conclusions: The minor K allele was predominant and genotype frequency in the population was remained constant among generations. The study suggests no significant association between the KCNJ11-rs5219 polymorphism and hyperglycemia in the Vietnamese population.