A LOCAL BASED FOOD SECURITY INTERVENTION TARGETED GROUP COMMUNICATION ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD IN LAO CAI PROVINCE, VIETNAM

Hoàng Thị Đức Ngàn, Trần Văn Long, Vũ Văn Tán, Hoàng Thị Thảo Nghiên, Lê Danh Tuyên, Thai Hiep Duong , Thi Hiep Le , Viet Dzung Nguyen, Thi Doan Du Dang , Thi Thao Yen Bui

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Tóm tắt

Background: Poor breastfeeding practices and inadequate consumption of locally available food in maternal and child health and nutrition care were existing public health issues in Lao Cai.


Methods: A model focused on group communication to promote the consumption of local food for supplementary meals; and increased food availability to improve the quality of supplementary meals was conducted in Thao Chu Phin and Ban Pho commune, Lao Cai province from 2014 to 2016 to assess the effectiveness of the intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice of primary caregivers for IYCF, and improving the nutrition status of children under five years old in the communes.


Results: Percentage of primary care givers who had correct knowledge about food diversity for complementary feeding significantly increased from 15.5% to 56.9% (p<0.001). More food was given to children for complementary feeding (all p<0.05). The prevalence of stunting significantly reduced at the conclusion of the intervention (p<0.01). Anthropometric indicators, except for weight improved at the end of the study (all p<0.05).


Conclusion: The intervention of local-based food security and enhancing group communication was effective in improving the knowledge, attitude, and practice of primary caregivers on IYCF, anthropometric indicators, and in reducing childhood stunting.

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